One third of the world’s albatrosses nest on three of its Overseas Territories (Falkland Islands, South Georgia and Tristan da Cunha), but numbers in this region are dwindling faster than anywhere else.
|Black-browed albatross, Falkland Islands. Photo credit: Grahame Madge/RSPB
An international workshop organised by Falklands Conservation, held in the Falkland Islands earlier this year, brought together 35 experts and key players to discuss what steps and resources are necessary to implement an effective rescue plan. The meeting formed part of the Falkland Islands Albatross and Petrel Programme and focused on the responsibilities and obligations of Parties to the Agreement for the Conservation of Albatross and Petrels (ACAP), of which the UK is a signatory along with each relevant Overseas Territory.
Sir David Attenborough, a Vice-President of both Falklands Conservation and the RSPB, speaking in support of BirdLife International’s Save the Albatross Campaign in October 2005, said: “The chance of an individual albatross surviving to old age now seems as remote as the ability of many albatross species to exist beyond the end of this century.”
Decision makers, particularly in the UK and Overseas Territory Governments, are now being presented with a list of tasks to address to save albatrosses on UK Territories. These include co-operation between nations and organisations to implement effective fishery mitigation measures – commercial fishing is the single most damaging influence on these seabird populations.
With the right action, impact can be minimised. The report provides a model for all key areas of the world to emulate in their efforts to protect seabirds.
Dr Michael Rands, Director of BirdLife International, said: “The recommendations coming out of this meeting represent a breakthrough in the contribution the UK and its Overseas Territories can make in solving a very serious situation faced by seabirds in the South Atlantic. Of course, such wide-ranging proposals will not have the desired effect unless others sit up and take action. The major fishing nations, particularly from Asia, must also be committed to take the right steps to save these birds from extinction.”
Altogether 118 recommendations are included in the detailed and authoritative report. Of particular importance are:
An agreed, fully funded, action plan, incorporating all the recommendations, is now needed to ensure that the UK and its Overseas Territories meet their obligations to protect albatrosses and petrels, says RSPB. There are major issues to address not least the costs, which are far beyond the very limited resources of these small countries.
Alistair Gammell, director of the RSPB’s International Division, said: “The level of support shown by the UK Government to this Report will be a clear indication of its commitment to protecting the exceptional biodiversity of its Overseas Territories and, in this case, arguably their most spectacular and iconic inhabitants.
“Will the UK Government let albatrosses become extinct, or will it take action necessary to give them a future?”
Source: RSPB, September 25, 2006
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