The countries of the European Union have signed up to Natura 2000, a plan to create a transfrontier network of protected areas. That was in 1992. As governments drag their feet, WWF is among those lobbying for the European Commission to take action.
Where progress has been made it is often because of the dedication of organisations and individuals. Cases in point are the return from the brink of extinction of the Black Vulture in Mallorca off the coast of Spain and the revival of the Abruzzo national park in Italy. The Commission in Brussels appears to have lost patience with member governments. It's now going to the courts and applying economic sanctions.